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  • 中國在職研究生網 > > 正文


    2014-01-02 13:23       來源:中國在職研究生網    http://www.zzyjs.com

    The exact number of english words is not known. the large dictionaries have over half a million entries, but many of these are compound words (schoolroom, sugar bowl) or different derivatives of the same word (rare—rarely, rarefy), and a good many are obsolete words to help us read older literature. dictionaries do not attempt to cover completely words that we can draon: the informal vocabulary, especially slang, localism, the terms of various occupations and professions; words use only occasionally by scientists and specialists in many fields; foreign words borrowed for use in english; or many new words or new senses of words that come into use every year and that may or may not be used long enough to warrant being included. it would be conservative to say that there are over a million english words that any of us might meet in our listening and reading and that we may draw on in our speaking and writing.

    Professor seashore concluded that first graders enter school with at least 2,000 words and add 5,000 each year so that they leave high school with at least 80,000. these figures are for recognition vocabulary, the words we understand when we read or hear them. our active vocabulary, the words we use in speaking and writing, is considerably smaller.

    you cannot always produce a word exactly when you want it. but consciously using the words you recognize in reading will help get them into your active vocabulary. occasionally in your reading pay particular attention to these words, especially when the subject is one that you might well write or talk about. underline or make a list of words that you feel a need for and look up the less familiar ones in a dictionary. and then before very long find a way to use some of them.

    once you know how they are pronounced and what they stand for, you can safely use them.

    1. in the author′ s estimation, there are ____ words in english.

    a. more than half a million b. at least 24,000

    c. at least 80,000 d. more than a million

    2. the word “obsolete” most probably means ____.

    a. no longer in use b. profoundc. colorful or amusing d. common

    3. one′ s recognition vocabulary is ____.

    a. less often used than his active vocabularyb. smaller than his active vocabulary

    c. as large as his active vocabularyd. much larger than his active vocabulary

    4. the author does not suggest getting recognition vocabulary into active vocabulary by ____.

    a. making a list of words you need and looking up the new ones in a dictionary

    b. everyday spending half an hour study the dictionary

    c. consciously using the words you recognize in reading

    d. trying to use the words you recognize

    5. from this passage we learn that ____.

    a. dictionaries completely cover the words we can make use of

    b. “schoolroom” is used in the passage as an example of a specialized term

    c. once you know how a word is pronounced and what it represents, you have turned it into your active word

    d. active vocabulary refers to words we understand when we read and hear them




    【解析】對這一題我們可以通過上下文的意思來判斷,文中寫道obsolete words是用來幫助我們閱讀古代文學的,由此我們可推斷出,obsolete words是用于古代文學中的,即老式詞,所以a項“不再使用的”與原文相近,b、c、d都不正確。


    【解析】在第二段末尾,明確提到recognition vocabulary(認識詞匯)是用于讀或聽的詞匯,active vocabulary(會用的詞匯)是說和寫時用的詞匯,后者比前者小得多,即會用的詞匯小于認識的詞匯,這樣不難看出d項是正確的,而a項“比會用的詞匯用得少”,這在原文中未曾提及,b、c兩項與原文意思不符。











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