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    同等學力英語真題閱讀理解6

    2014-01-02 13:23       來源:中國在職研究生網    http://www.zzyjs.com

    The exact number of english words is not known. the large dictionaries have over half a million entries, but many of these are compound words (schoolroom, sugar bowl) or different derivatives of the same word (rare—rarely, rarefy), and a good many are obsolete words to help us read older literature. dictionaries do not attempt to cover completely words that we can draon: the informal vocabulary, especially slang, localism, the terms of various occupations and professions; words use only occasionally by scientists and specialists in many fields; foreign words borrowed for use in english; or many new words or new senses of words that come into use every year and that may or may not be used long enough to warrant being included. it would be conservative to say that there are over a million english words that any of us might meet in our listening and reading and that we may draw on in our speaking and writing.

    Professor seashore concluded that first graders enter school with at least 2,000 words and add 5,000 each year so that they leave high school with at least 80,000. these figures are for recognition vocabulary, the words we understand when we read or hear them. our active vocabulary, the words we use in speaking and writing, is considerably smaller.

    you cannot always produce a word exactly when you want it. but consciously using the words you recognize in reading will help get them into your active vocabulary. occasionally in your reading pay particular attention to these words, especially when the subject is one that you might well write or talk about. underline or make a list of words that you feel a need for and look up the less familiar ones in a dictionary. and then before very long find a way to use some of them.

    once you know how they are pronounced and what they stand for, you can safely use them.

    1. in the author′ s estimation, there are ____ words in english.

    a. more than half a million b. at least 24,000

    c. at least 80,000 d. more than a million

    2. the word “obsolete” most probably means ____.

    a. no longer in use b. profoundc. colorful or amusing d. common

    3. one′ s recognition vocabulary is ____.

    a. less often used than his active vocabularyb. smaller than his active vocabulary

    c. as large as his active vocabularyd. much larger than his active vocabulary

    4. the author does not suggest getting recognition vocabulary into active vocabulary by ____.

    a. making a list of words you need and looking up the new ones in a dictionary

    b. everyday spending half an hour study the dictionary

    c. consciously using the words you recognize in reading

    d. trying to use the words you recognize

    5. from this passage we learn that ____.

    a. dictionaries completely cover the words we can make use of

    b. “schoolroom” is used in the passage as an example of a specialized term

    c. once you know how a word is pronounced and what it represents, you have turned it into your active word

    d. active vocabulary refers to words we understand when we read and hear them

    1.【答案】d。

    【解析】在第一段中明確寫道:保守估計,在聽說讀寫各方面可能會遇到的英語單詞超過一百萬個。從這一句我們可以看出d項“一百萬多個”是正確的。a項不正確,而b項是指高中畢業生的詞匯量,c項是指一年級學生的詞匯量。

    2.【答案】a。

    【解析】對這一題我們可以通過上下文的意思來判斷,文中寫道obsolete words是用來幫助我們閱讀古代文學的,由此我們可推斷出,obsolete words是用于古代文學中的,即老式詞,所以a項“不再使用的”與原文相近,b、c、d都不正確。

    3.【答案】d。

    【解析】在第二段末尾,明確提到recognition vocabulary(認識詞匯)是用于讀或聽的詞匯,active vocabulary(會用的詞匯)是說和寫時用的詞匯,后者比前者小得多,即會用的詞匯小于認識的詞匯,這樣不難看出d項是正確的,而a項“比會用的詞匯用得少”,這在原文中未曾提及,b、c兩項與原文意思不符。

    4.【答案】b。

    【解析】這一題要求我們對原文充分理解后,結合排除法來做。文中第三段討論了這個問題,我們可以在其中發現a項:把你需要用的詞列成一張單子,然后在字典中查出生詞的涵義,c項:有意識地多用你在閱讀中認識的新詞,d項:嘗試使用你認識的詞。在排除以上三項之后只有b項,每天讀半小時的字典符合題意。

    5.【答案】c。

    【解析】這一題要求對全文通篇有所理解后才能決定出答案,并且這種題無法從文中找到一個可用判斷的確切依據,須用排除法結合大意來做。a項認為“字典完全包括我們所用的詞匯”,而原文中提到字典并不企圖完全包含我們所用的詞匯“,因此a是不正確的。b項認為”schoolroom在本文中用于說明特定術語“,而文中提到schoolroom時是作為復合詞的例證,因此b是不正確的。c項認為”一旦你知道一個詞如何發音且代表什么,你就掌握了這一單詞“,這與原文中的”一旦你知道一個詞如何發音且代表著什么,你就能安全地運用它“的意思相符,所以c項是正確的。

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